ncurses 5.4
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34 <TITLE>curs_add_wch 3x</TITLE>
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39 <H1>curs_add_wch 3x</H1>
40 <HR>
41 <PRE>
42 <!-- Manpage converted by man2html 3.0.1 -->
43 <STRONG><A HREF="curs_add_wch.3x.html">curs_add_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>                                 <STRONG><A HREF="curs_add_wch.3x.html">curs_add_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>
44
45
46
47
48 </PRE>
49 <H2>NAME</H2><PRE>
50        <STRONG>add_wch</STRONG>,   <STRONG>wadd_wch</STRONG>,  <STRONG>mvadd_wch</STRONG>,  <STRONG>mvwadd_wch</STRONG>,  <STRONG>echo_wchar</STRONG>,
51        <STRONG>wecho_wchar</STRONG> - add a complex character and rendition  to  a
52        <STRONG>curses</STRONG> window, then advance the cursor
53
54
55 </PRE>
56 <H2>SYNOPSIS</H2><PRE>
57        <STRONG>#include</STRONG> <STRONG>&lt;curses.h&gt;</STRONG>
58
59        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>add_wch(</STRONG> <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>cchar_t</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>wch</EM> <STRONG>);</STRONG>
60        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>wadd_wch(</STRONG> <STRONG>WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>win</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>cchar_t</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>wch</EM> <STRONG>);</STRONG>
61        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>mvadd_wch(</STRONG> <STRONG>int</STRONG> <EM>y</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>int</STRONG> <EM>x</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>cchar_t</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>wch</EM> <STRONG>);</STRONG>
62        <STRONG>int</STRONG>  <STRONG>mvwadd_wch(</STRONG>  <STRONG>WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>win</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>int</STRONG> <EM>y</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>int</STRONG> <EM>x</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>cchar_t</STRONG>
63        <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>wch</EM> <STRONG>);</STRONG>
64        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>echo_wchar(</STRONG> <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>cchar_t</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>wch</EM> <STRONG>);</STRONG>
65        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>wecho_wchar(</STRONG> <STRONG>WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>win</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>cchar_t</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>wch</EM> <STRONG>);</STRONG>
66
67
68 </PRE>
69 <H2>DESCRIPTION</H2><PRE>
70        The <STRONG>add_wch</STRONG>, <STRONG>wadd_wch</STRONG>, <STRONG>mvadd_wch</STRONG>, and <STRONG>mvwadd_wch</STRONG> functions
71        put the complex character <EM>wch</EM> into the given window at its
72        current position, which is then advanced.  These functions
73        perform  wrapping and special-character processing as fol-
74        lows:
75
76        -    If <EM>wch</EM> refers to a spacing character, then any previ-
77             ous  character  at  that  location is removed.  A new
78             character specified by <EM>wch</EM> is placed at that location
79             with  rendition  specified  by  <EM>wch</EM>.  The cursor then
80             advances to the next spacing character on the screen.
81
82        -    If  <EM>wch</EM> refers to a non-spacing character, all previ-
83             ous characters at that location are  preserved.   The
84             non-spacing  characters of <EM>wch</EM> are added to the spac-
85             ing complex character, and the rendition specified by
86             <EM>wch</EM> is ignored.
87
88        -    If  the  character  part  of  <EM>wch</EM>  is a tab, newline,
89             backspace or other control character, the  window  is
90             updated  and  the  cursor  moves as if <STRONG><A HREF="addch.3x.html">addch(3x)</A></STRONG> were
91             called.
92
93        The <STRONG>echo_wchar</STRONG> function is functionally  equivalent  to  a
94        call to <STRONG>add_wch</STRONG> followed by a call to <STRONG>refresh</STRONG>.  Similarly,
95        the <STRONG>wecho_wchar</STRONG> is functionally equivalent to  a  call  to
96        <STRONG>wadd_wch</STRONG>  followed  by  a call to <STRONG>wrefresh</STRONG>.  The knowledge
97        that only a single character is being output is taken into
98        consideration and, for non-control characters, a consider-
99        able performance gain might be seen by  using  the  *<STRONG>echo</STRONG>*
100        functions instead of their equivalents.
101
102
103 </PRE>
104 <H2>RETURN VALUES</H2><PRE>
105        All routines return the integer <STRONG>ERR</STRONG> upon failure and <STRONG>OK</STRONG> on
106        success.
107
108
109 </PRE>
110 <H2>NOTES</H2><PRE>
111        Note that <STRONG>add_wch</STRONG>, <STRONG>mvadd_wch</STRONG>, <STRONG>mvwadd_wch</STRONG>,  and  <STRONG>echo_wchar</STRONG>
112        may be macros.
113
114
115 </PRE>
116 <H2>PORTABILITY</H2><PRE>
117        All  these functions are described in the XSI Curses stan-
118        dard, Issue 4.  The defaults specified  for  forms-drawing
119        characters apply in the POSIX locale.
120
121        XSI  documents  constants  beginning  with <STRONG>WACS_</STRONG> which are
122        used for line-drawing.  Those  are  not  currently  imple-
123        mented in <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG>.
124
125
126 </PRE>
127 <H2>SEE ALSO</H2><PRE>
128        <STRONG><A HREF="ncurses.3x.html">curses(3x)</A></STRONG>,  <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr_get.3x.html">curs_attr_get(3x)</A></STRONG>,  <STRONG><A HREF="curs_clear.3x.html">curs_clear(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG>curs_out-</STRONG>
129        <STRONG><A HREF="curs_outopts.3x.html">opts(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_refresh.3x.html">curs_refresh(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="putwc.3.html">putwc(3)</A></STRONG>
130
131
132
133                                                  <STRONG><A HREF="curs_add_wch.3x.html">curs_add_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>
134 </PRE>
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