getmouse, ungetmouse, mousemask - mouse interface through
typedef unsigned long mmask_t;
short id; /* ID to distinguish multiple devices */
int x, y, z; /* event coordinates */
mmask_t bstate; /* button state bits */
int getmouse(MEVENT *event);
int ungetmouse(MEVENT *event);
mmask_t mousemask(mmask_t newmask, mmask_t *oldmask);
bool wenclose(WINDOW *win, int y, int x)
int mouseinterval(int erval)
These functions provide an interface to mouse events from
ncurses(3x). Mouse events are represented by KEY_MOUSE
pseudo-key values in the wgetch input stream.
To make mouse events visible, use the mousemask function.
This will set the mouse events to be reported. By
default, no mouse events are reported. The function will
return a mask to indicate which of the specified mouse
events can be reported; on complete failure it returns 0.
If oldmask is non-NULL, this function fills the indicated
location with the previous value of the given window's
mouse event mask.
As a side effect, setting a zero mousemask may turn off
the mouse pointer; setting a nonzero mask may turn it on.
Whether this happens is device-dependent.
Here are the mouse event type masks:
l l _ _ l l. Name Description BUTTON1_PRESSED mouse
button 1 down BUTTON1_RELEASED mouse button 1 up BUT-
TON1_CLICKED mouse button 1 clicked
BUTTON1_DOUBLE_CLICKED mouse button 1 double clicked
BUTTON1_TRIPLE_CLICKED mouse button 1 triple clicked
BUTTON2_PRESSED mouse button 2 down
BUTTON2_RELEASED mouse button 2 up BUTTON2_CLICKED
mouse button 2 clicked BUTTON2_DOUBLE_CLICKED mouse
button 2 double clicked BUTTON2_TRIPLE_CLICKED mouse
button 2 triple clicked BUTTON3_PRESSED mouse button 3
down BUTTON3_RELEASED mouse button 3 up BUTTON3_CLICKED
button 3 triple clicked BUTTON4_PRESSED mouse button 4
down BUTTON4_RELEASED mouse button 4 up BUTTON4_CLICKED
mouse button 4 clicked BUTTON4_DOUBLE_CLICKED mouse
button 4 double clicked BUTTON4_TRIPLE_CLICKED mouse
button 4 triple clicked BUTTON_SHIFT shift was down dur-
ing button state change BUTTON_CTRL control was down
during button state change BUTTON_ALT alt was down
during button state change ALL_MOUSE_EVENTS report all
button state changes REPORT_MOUSE_POSITION report mouse
Once a class of mouse events have been made visible in a
window, calling the wgetch function on that window may
return KEY_MOUSE as an indicator that a mouse event has
been queued. To read the event data and pop the event off
the queue, call getmouse. This function will return OK if
a mouse event is actually visible in the given window, ERR
otherwise. When getmouse returns OK, the data deposited
as y and x in the event structure coordinates will be
screen-relative character-cell coordinates. The returned
state mask will have exactly one bit set to indicate the
The ungetmouse function behaves analogously to ungetch.
It pushes a KEY_MOUSE event onto the input queue, and
associates with that event the given state data and
screen-relative character-cell coordinates.
The wenclose function tests whether a given pair of
screen-relative character-cell coordinates is enclosed by
a given window, returning TRUE if it is and FALSE other-
wise. It is useful for determining what subset of the
screen windows enclose the location of a mouse event.
The mouseinterval function sets the maximum time (in thou-
sands of a second) that can elapse between press and
release events in order for them to be recognized as a
click. This function returns the previous interval value.
The default is one fifth of a second.
Note that mouse events will be ignored when input is in
cooked mode, and will cause an error beep when cooked mode
is being simulated in a window by a function such as get-
str that expects a linefeed for input-loop termination.
All routines return the integer ERR upon failure or OK
upon successful completion.
These calls were designed for ncurses(3x), and are not
The feature macro NCURSES_MOUSE_VERSION is provided so the
preprocessor can be used to test whether these features
are present (its value is 1). NOTE: THIS INTERFACE IS
EXPERIMENTAL AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE! If
the interface is changed, the value of NCURSES_MOUSE_VER-
SION will be incremented.
The order of the MEVENT structure members is not guaran-
teed. Additional fields may be added to the structure in
Under ncurses(3x), these calls are implemented using
either xterm's built-in mouse-tracking API or Alessandro
Rubini's gpm server. If you are using something other
than xterm there is no gpm daemon running on your machine,
mouse events will not be visible to ncurses(3x) (and the
wmousemask function will always return 0).
The z member in the event structure is not presently used.
It is intended for use with touch screens (which may be
pressure-sensitive) or with 3D-mice/trackballs/power
Mouse events under xterm will not in fact be ignored dur-
ing cooked mode, if they have been enabled by wmousemask.
Instead, the xterm mouse report sequence will appear in
the string read.
Mouse events under xterm will not be detected correctly in
a window with its keypad bit off.