tgetent, tgetflag, tgetnum, tgetstr, tgoto, tputs - direct
curses interface to the terminfo capability database
int tgetent(const char *bp, char *name);
int tgetflag(const char *id);
int tgetnum(const char *id);
char *tgetstr(const char *id, char **area);
char *tgoto(const char *cap, int col, int row);
int tputs(const char *str, int affcnt, int (*putc)(int));
These routines are included as a conversion aid for pro-
grams that use the termcap library. Their parameters are
the same and the routines are emulated using the terminfo
database. Thus, they can only be used to query the capa-
bilities of entries for which a terminfo entry has been
The tgetent routine loads the entry for name. It returns
1 on success, 0 if there is no such entry, and -1 if the
terminfo database could not be found. The emulation
ignores the buffer pointer bp.
The tgetflag routine gets the boolean entry for id.
The tgetnum routine gets the numeric entry for id.
The tgetstr routine returns the string entry for id. Use
tputs to output the returned string.
The tgoto routine instantiates the parameters into the
given capability. The output from this routine is to be
passed to tputs.
The tputs routine is described on the curs_terminfo(3X)
manual page. It can retrieve capabilities by either term-
cap or terminfo name.
Except where explicitly noted, routines that return an
integer return ERR upon failure and OK (SVr4 only speci-
fies "an integer value other than ERR") upon successful
Routines that return pointers return NULL on error.
If you call tgetstr to fetch ca or any other parameterized
notation. This won't cause problems if all you do with it
is call tgoto or tparm, which both expand terminfo-style.
Because terminfo conventions for representing padding in
string capabilities differ from termcap's, tputs("50");
will put out a literal "50" rather than busy-waiting for
50 milliseconds. Cope with it.
The XSI Curses standard, Issue 4 describes these func-
tions. However, they are marked TO BE WITHDRAWN and may
be removed in future versions.
Neither the XSI Curses standard nor the SVr4 man pages
documented the return values of tgetent correctly, though
all three were in fact returned ever since SVr1.
curses(3X), terminfo(5), putc(3S).