curs_mouse 3x

curs_mouse(3x)                                                  curs_mouse(3x)


       has_mouse, getmouse, ungetmouse, mousemask, wenclose, mouse_trafo,
       wmouse_trafo, mouseinterval - mouse interface through curses


       #include <curses.h>

       typedef unsigned long mmask_t;

       typedef struct {
           short id;         /* ID to distinguish multiple devices */
           int x, y, z;      /* event coordinates */
           mmask_t bstate;   /* button state bits */
       } MEVENT;

       bool has_mouse(void);
       int getmouse(MEVENT *event);
       int ungetmouse(MEVENT *event);
       mmask_t mousemask(mmask_t newmask, mmask_t *oldmask);
       bool wenclose(const WINDOW *win, int y, int x);
       bool mouse_trafo(int* pY, int* pX, bool to_screen);
       bool wmouse_trafo(const WINDOW* win, int* pY, int* pX,
            bool to_screen);
       int mouseinterval(int erval);


       These functions provide an interface to mouse events from  ncurses(3x).
       Mouse  events  are  represented  by  KEY_MOUSE pseudo-key values in the
       wgetch(3x) input stream.


       To make mouse events visible, use the mousemask  function.   This  will
       set  the  mouse events to be reported.  By default, no mouse events are
       reported.  The function will return a mask to  indicate  which  of  the
       specified  mouse events can be reported; on complete failure it returns
       0.  If oldmask is non-NULL, this function fills the indicated  location
       with the previous value of the given window's mouse event mask.

       As  a  side  effect,  setting  a  zero mousemask may turn off the mouse
       pointer; setting a nonzero mask may turn it on.  Whether  this  happens
       is device-dependent.

Mouse events

       Here are the mouse event type masks which may be defined:

       Name                     Description
       BUTTON1_PRESSED          mouse button 1 down
       BUTTON1_RELEASED         mouse button 1 up
       BUTTON1_CLICKED          mouse button 1 clicked
       BUTTON1_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 1 double clicked
       BUTTON1_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 1 triple clicked
       BUTTON2_PRESSED          mouse button 2 down
       BUTTON2_RELEASED         mouse button 2 up
       BUTTON2_CLICKED          mouse button 2 clicked
       BUTTON2_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 2 double clicked
       BUTTON2_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 2 triple clicked
       BUTTON3_PRESSED          mouse button 3 down
       BUTTON3_RELEASED         mouse button 3 up

       BUTTON3_CLICKED          mouse button 3 clicked
       BUTTON3_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 3 double clicked
       BUTTON3_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 3 triple clicked
       BUTTON4_PRESSED          mouse button 4 down
       BUTTON4_RELEASED         mouse button 4 up
       BUTTON4_CLICKED          mouse button 4 clicked
       BUTTON4_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 4 double clicked
       BUTTON4_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 4 triple clicked
       BUTTON5_PRESSED          mouse button 5 down
       BUTTON5_RELEASED         mouse button 5 up
       BUTTON5_CLICKED          mouse button 5 clicked
       BUTTON5_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 5 double clicked
       BUTTON5_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 5 triple clicked
       BUTTON_SHIFT             shift was down during button state change
       BUTTON_CTRL              control was down during button state change
       BUTTON_ALT               alt was down during button state change
       ALL_MOUSE_EVENTS         report all button state changes
       REPORT_MOUSE_POSITION    report mouse movement


       Once a class of mouse events has been made visible in a window, calling
       the wgetch function on that window may return KEY_MOUSE as an indicator
       that a mouse event has been queued.  To read the event data and pop the
       event off the queue, call getmouse.  This function will return OK if  a
       mouse  event  is  actually  visible in the given window, ERR otherwise.
       When getmouse returns OK, the data deposited as y and x  in  the  event
       structure  coordinates  will  be screen-relative character-cell coordi-
       nates.  The returned state mask will have exactly one bit set to  indi-
       cate the event type.  The corresponding data in the queue is marked in-
       valid.  A subsequent call to getmouse will retrieve the next older item
       from the queue.


       The  ungetmouse  function  behaves analogously to ungetch.  It pushes a
       KEY_MOUSE event onto the input queue, and associates  with  that  event
       the given state data and screen-relative character-cell coordinates.


       The  wenclose  function  tests  whether a given pair of screen-relative
       character-cell coordinates is enclosed by  a  given  window,  returning
       TRUE  if  it is and FALSE otherwise.  It is useful for determining what
       subset of the screen windows enclose the location of a mouse event.


       The wmouse_trafo function transforms a given pair of  coordinates  from
       stdscr-relative coordinates to coordinates relative to the given window
       or vice versa.  The resulting stdscr-relative coordinates are  not  al-
       ways  identical  to window-relative coordinates due to the mechanism to
       reserve lines on top or bottom of the screen for  other  purposes  (see
       the ripoffline and slk_init(3x) calls, for example).

       o   If the parameter to_screen is TRUE, the pointers pY, pX must refer-
           ence the coordinates of a location inside the window win.  They are
           converted  to  window-relative coordinates and returned through the
           pointers.  If the conversion was successful, the  function  returns

       o   If one of the parameters was NULL or the location is not inside the
           window, FALSE is returned.

       o   If to_screen is FALSE, the pointers pY, pX must  reference  window-
           relative  coordinates.  They are converted to stdscr-relative coor-
           dinates if the window win encloses this point.  In  this  case  the
           function returns TRUE.

       o   If  one  of  the  parameters is NULL or the point is not inside the
           window, FALSE is returned.  The referenced coordinates are only re-
           placed  by the converted coordinates if the transformation was suc-


       The mouse_trafo function performs the same translation as wmouse_trafo,
       using stdscr for win.


       The  mouseinterval  function  sets  the maximum time (in thousands of a
       second) that can elapse between press and release events for them to be
       recognized  as  a click.  Use mouseinterval(0) to disable click resolu-
       tion.  This function returns the previous interval value.  Use mousein-
       terval(-1)  to obtain the interval without altering it.  The default is
       one sixth of a second.


       The has_mouse function returns TRUE if the mouse driver has  been  suc-
       cessfully initialized.

       Note  that  mouse  events will be ignored when input is in cooked mode,
       and will cause an error beep when cooked mode is being simulated  in  a
       window  by a function such as getstr that expects a linefeed for input-
       loop termination.


       getmouse and ungetmouse return the integer ERR upon failure or OK  upon
       successful completion:

               returns an error.

          o   If  no mouse driver was initialized, or if the mask parameter is

          o   It also returns an error if no more events remain in the queue.

               returns an error if the FIFO is full.

       mousemask returns the mask of reportable events.

       mouseinterval returns the previous interval value, unless the  terminal
       was  not  initialized.   In  that case, it returns the maximum interval
       value (166).

       wenclose and wmouse_trafo are boolean functions returning TRUE or FALSE
       depending on their test result.


       These  calls  were  designed for ncurses(3x), and are not found in SVr4
       curses, 4.4BSD curses, or any other previous version of curses.

       SVr4 curses had support for the mouse in a variant  of  xterm.   It  is
       mentioned in a few places, but with no supporting documentation:

       o   the  "libcurses" manual page lists functions for this feature which
           are prototyped in curses.h:

               extern int mouse_set(long int);
               extern int mouse_on(long int);
               extern int mouse_off(long int);
               extern int request_mouse_pos(void);
               extern int map_button(unsigned long);
               extern void wmouse_position(WINDOW *, int *, int *);
               extern unsigned long getmouse(void), getbmap(void);

       o   the "terminfo" manual page lists capabilities for the feature

               buttons           btns    BT       Number of buttons on the mouse
               get_mouse         getm    Gm       Curses should get button events
               key_mouse         kmous   Km       0631, Mouse event has occurred
               mouse_info        minfo   Mi       Mouse status information
               req_mouse_pos     reqmp   RQ       Request mouse position report

       o   the interface made assumptions (as does ncurses) about  the  escape
           sequences sent to and received from the terminal.

           For  instance the SVr4 curses library used the get_mouse capability
           to tell the terminal which mouse  button  events  it  should  send,
           passing  the mouse-button bit-mask to the terminal.  Also, it could
           ask the terminal where the mouse was using the req_mouse_pos  capa-

           Those  features required a terminal which had been modified to work
           with curses.  They were not part of the X Consortium's xterm.

       When developing the xterm mouse support for ncurses in September  1995,
       Eric  Raymond  was  uninterested in using the same interface due to its
       lack of documentation.  Later, in 1998, Mark Hesseling provided support
       in  PDCurses 2.3 using the SVr4 interface.  PDCurses, however, does not
       use video terminals, making it unnecessary to be concerned  about  com-
       patibility with the escape sequences.

       The feature macro NCURSES_MOUSE_VERSION is provided so the preprocessor
       can be used to test whether these features are present.  If the  inter-
       face  is changed, the value of NCURSES_MOUSE_VERSION will be increment-
       ed.  These values for NCURSES_MOUSE_VERSION may be specified when  con-
       figuring ncurses:

          1  has definitions for reserved events.  The mask uses 28 bits.

          2  adds  definitions  for  button 5, removes the definitions for re-
             served events.  The mask uses 29 bits.

       The order of the MEVENT structure members is not guaranteed.  Addition-
       al fields may be added to the structure in the future.

       Under  ncurses(3x),  these  calls  are implemented using either xterm's
       built-in mouse-tracking API or platform-specific drivers including

          o   Alessandro Rubini's gpm server

          o   FreeBSD sysmouse

          o   OS/2 EMX

       If you are using an unsupported configuration, mouse events will not be
       visible  to  ncurses(3x) (and the mousemask function will always return

       If the terminfo entry contains a XM string, this is used in  the  xterm
       mouse  driver  to control the way the terminal is initialized for mouse
       operation.  The default, if XM is not  found,  corresponds  to  private
       mode 1000 of xterm:


       The mouse driver also recognizes a newer xterm private mode 1006, e.g.,


       The  z  member in the event structure is not presently used.  It is in-
       tended for use with touch screens (which may be pressure-sensitive)  or
       with 3D-mice/trackballs/power gloves.

       The  ALL_MOUSE_EVENTS  class  does  not  include REPORT_MOUSE_POSITION.
       They are distinct.  For example, in xterm,  wheel/scrolling  mice  send
       position  reports  as  a  sequence of presses of buttons 4 or 5 without
       matching button-releases.


       Mouse events under xterm will not in  fact  be  ignored  during  cooked
       mode, if they have been enabled by mousemask.  Instead, the xterm mouse
       report sequence will appear in the string read.

       Mouse events under xterm will not be detected  correctly  in  a  window
       with  its  keypad  bit  off, since they are interpreted as a variety of
       function key.  Your terminfo  description  should  have  kmous  set  to
       "\E[M"  (the  beginning  of  the response from xterm for mouse clicks).
       Other values for kmous are permitted, but under  the  same  assumption,
       i.e., it is the beginning of the response.

       Because  there  are  no standard terminal responses that would serve to
       identify terminals which support the xterm mouse protocol, ncurses  as-
       sumes  that  if kmous is defined in the terminal description, or if the
       terminal description's primary  name  or  aliases  contain  the  string
       "xterm", then the terminal may send mouse events.  The kmous capability
       is checked first, allowing the use of newer xterm mouse protocols  such
       as xterm's private mode 1006.


       curses(3x), curs_kernel(3x), curs_slk(3x), curs_variables(3x).