curs_mouse 3x

curs_mouse(3x)                                           curs_mouse(3x)


       getmouse, ungetmouse, mousemask, wenclose, mouse_trafo,
       wmouse_trafo, mouseinterval - mouse interface through


       #include <curses.h>

       typedef unsigned long mmask_t;

       typedef struct
           short id;         /* ID to distinguish multiple devices */
           int x, y, z;      /* event coordinates */
           mmask_t bstate;   /* button state bits */
       int getmouse(MEVENT *event);
       int ungetmouse(MEVENT *event);
       mmask_t mousemask(mmask_t newmask, mmask_t *oldmask);
       bool wenclose(const WINDOW *win, int y, int x);
       bool mouse_trafo(int* pY, int* pX, bool to_screen);
       bool wmouse_trafo(const WINDOW* win, int* pY, int* pX,
            bool to_screen);
       int mouseinterval(int erval);


       These  functions provide an interface to mouse events from
       ncurses(3x).  Mouse events are  represented  by  KEY_MOUSE
       pseudo-key values in the wgetch input stream.

       To  make mouse events visible, use the mousemask function.
       This will set the mouse events to  be  reported.   By  de-
       fault,  no  mouse  events are reported.  The function will
       return a mask to indicate which  of  the  specified  mouse
       events  can be reported; on complete failure it returns 0.
       If oldmask is non-NULL, this function fills the  indicated
       location  with  the  previous  value of the given window's
       mouse event mask.

       As a side effect, setting a zero mousemask  may  turn  off
       the  mouse pointer; setting a nonzero mask may turn it on.
       Whether this happens is device-dependent.

       Here are the mouse event type masks which may be defined:

       Name                     Description
       BUTTON1_PRESSED          mouse button 1 down
       BUTTON1_RELEASED         mouse button 1 up
       BUTTON1_CLICKED          mouse button 1 clicked
       BUTTON1_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 1 double clicked
       BUTTON1_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 1 triple clicked
       BUTTON2_PRESSED          mouse button 2 down
       BUTTON2_RELEASED         mouse button 2 up
       BUTTON2_CLICKED          mouse button 2 clicked
       BUTTON2_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 2 double clicked
       BUTTON2_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 2 triple clicked

       BUTTON3_PRESSED          mouse button 3 down
       BUTTON3_RELEASED         mouse button 3 up
       BUTTON3_CLICKED          mouse button 3 clicked
       BUTTON3_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 3 double clicked
       BUTTON3_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 3 triple clicked
       BUTTON4_PRESSED          mouse button 4 down
       BUTTON4_RELEASED         mouse button 4 up
       BUTTON4_CLICKED          mouse button 4 clicked
       BUTTON4_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 4 double clicked
       BUTTON4_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 4 triple clicked
       BUTTON5_PRESSED          mouse button 5 down
       BUTTON5_RELEASED         mouse button 5 up
       BUTTON5_CLICKED          mouse button 5 clicked
       BUTTON5_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 5 double clicked
       BUTTON5_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 5 triple clicked
       BUTTON_SHIFT             shift was down during button state change
       BUTTON_CTRL              control was down during button state change
       BUTTON_ALT               alt was down during button state change
       ALL_MOUSE_EVENTS         report all button state changes
       REPORT_MOUSE_POSITION    report mouse movement

       Once a class of mouse events have been made visible  in  a
       window, calling the wgetch function on that window may re-
       turn KEY_MOUSE as an indicator that a mouse event has been
       queued.   To read the event data and pop the event off the
       queue, call getmouse.  This function will return OK  if  a
       mouse  event  is actually visible in the given window, ERR
       otherwise.  When getmouse returns OK, the  data  deposited
       as  y  and  x  in  the event structure coordinates will be
       screen-relative character-cell coordinates.  The  returned
       state  mask  will have exactly one bit set to indicate the
       event type.

       The ungetmouse function behaves  analogously  to  ungetch.
       It  pushes a KEY_MOUSE event onto the input queue, and as-
       sociates with that event the given state data and  screen-
       relative character-cell coordinates.

       The  wenclose  function  tests  whether  a  given  pair of
       screen-relative character-cell coordinates is enclosed  by
       a  given  window, returning TRUE if it is and FALSE other-
       wise.  It is useful for determining  what  subset  of  the
       screen windows enclose the location of a mouse event.

       The wmouse_trafo function transforms a given pair of coor-
       dinates from stdscr-relative coordinates  to  screen-rela-
       tive  coordinates  or  vice  versa.  Please remember, that
       stdscr-relative coordinates are not  always  identical  to
       screen-relative  coordinates  due  to the mechanism to re-
       serve lines on top or bottom of the screen for other  pur-
       poses  (ripoff()  call,  see also slk_...  functions).  If
       the parameter to_screen is TRUE, the pointers pY, pX  must
       reference  the coordinates of a location inside the window
       win.  They are converted  to  screen-relative  coordinates
       and  returned through the pointers.  If the conversion was
       successful, the function returns TRUE.  If one of the  pa-
       rameters  was  NULL or the location is not inside the win-
       dow, FALSE is returned.  If to_screen is FALSE, the point-
       ers  pY,  pX  must  reference screen-relative coordinates.
       They are converted to stdscr-relative coordinates  if  the
       window win encloses this point.  In this case the function
       returns TRUE.  If one of the parameters  is  NULL  or  the
       point is not inside the window, FALSE is returned.  Please
       notice, that the referenced coordinates are only  replaced
       by  the  converted  coordinates  if the transformation was

       The mouseinterval function sets the maximum time (in thou-
       sands  of  a second) that can elapse between press and re-
       lease events for them to be recognized as  a  click.   Use
       mouseinterval(0)  to disable click resolution.  This func-
       tion returns the previous interval value.  Use mouseinter-
       val(-1)  to  obtain the interval without altering it.  The
       default is one sixth of a second.

       Note that mouse events will be ignored when  input  is  in
       cooked mode, and will cause an error beep when cooked mode
       is being simulated in a window by a function such as  get-
       str that expects a linefeed for input-loop termination.


       getmouse  and ungetmouse return the integer ERR upon fail-
       ure or OK upon successful completion.

                   returns an error.  If no mouse driver was ini-
                   tialized, or if the mask parameter is zero,

                   returns an error if the FIFO is full.

       mousemask returns the mask of reportable events.

       mouseinterval  returns the previous interval value, unless
       the terminal was not initialized.  In that  case,  it  re-
       turns the maximum interval value (166).

       wenclose  and wmouse_trafo are boolean functions returning
       TRUE or FALSE depending on their test result.


       These calls were designed for  ncurses(3x),  and  are  not
       found in SVr4 curses, 4.4BSD curses, or any other previous
       version of curses.

       The feature macro NCURSES_MOUSE_VERSION is provided so the
       preprocessor  can  be  used to test whether these features
       are present.  If the interface is changed,  the  value  of
       NCURSES_MOUSE_VERSION  will  be incremented.  These values
       for NCURSES_MOUSE_VERSION may be specified when  configur-
       ing ncurses:

              1  has  definitions  for reserved events.  The mask
                 uses 28 bits.

              2  adds definitions for button 5, removes the defi-
                 nitions  for  reserved events.  The mask uses 29

       The order of the MEVENT structure members is  not  guaran-
       teed.   Additional fields may be added to the structure in
       the future.

       Under ncurses(3x), these calls are implemented  using  ei-
       ther  xterm's built-in mouse-tracking API or platform-spe-
       cific drivers including
              Alessandro Rubini's gpm server.
              FreeBSD sysmouse
              OS/2 EMX
       If you  are  using  an  unsupported  configuration,  mouse
       events will not be visible to ncurses(3x) (and the wmouse-
       mask function will always return 0).

       If the terminfo entry contains a XM string, this  is  used
       in  the xterm mouse driver to control the way the terminal
       is initialized for mouse operation.  The default, if XM is
       not found, corresponds to private mode 1000 of xterm:
       The z member in the event structure is not presently used.
       It is intended for use with touch screens  (which  may  be
       pressure-sensitive)   or   with   3D-mice/trackballs/power


       Mouse events under xterm will not in fact be ignored  dur-
       ing  cooked mode, if they have been enabled by wmousemask.
       Instead, the xterm mouse report sequence  will  appear  in
       the string read.

       Mouse events under xterm will not be detected correctly in
       a window with its keypad bit off, since  they  are  inter-
       preted  as  a  variety of function key.  Your terminfo de-
       scription must have kmous set to "\E[M" (the beginning  of
       the response from xterm for mouse clicks).

       Because  there  are  no  standard  terminal responses that
       would serve to identify terminals which support the  xterm
       mouse  protocol,  ncurses assumes that if your $TERM envi-
       ronment variable contains "xterm", or kmous is defined  in
       the terminal description, then the terminal may send mouse




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