infocmp 1m

infocmp(1m)                                                 infocmp(1m)


       infocmp - compare or print out terminfo descriptions


       infocmp [-1CDEFGIKLTUVcdegilnpqrtux]
             [-v n] [-s d| i| l| c] [-Q n] [-R subset]
             [-w width] [-A directory] [-B directory]


       infocmp  can  be  used  to compare a binary terminfo entry
       with other terminfo entries, rewrite a  terminfo  descrip-
       tion  to  take  advantage  of  the use= terminfo field, or
       print out a terminfo  description  from  the  binary  file
       (term) in a variety of formats.  In all cases, the boolean
       fields will be printed  first,  followed  by  the  numeric
       fields, followed by the string fields.

Default Options

       If  no options are specified and zero or one termnames are
       specified, the -I option will be assumed.   If  more  than
       one termname is specified, the -d option will be assumed.

Comparison Options [-d] [-c] [-n]

       infocmp  compares  the  terminfo  description of the first
       terminal termname with each of the descriptions  given  by
       the  entries  for  the  other  terminal's termnames.  If a
       capability is defined for only one of the  terminals,  the
       value  returned will depend on the type of the capability:
       F for boolean variables, -1  for  integer  variables,  and
       NULL for string variables.

       The  -d  option produces a list of each capability that is
       different between two entries.  This option is  useful  to
       show  the  difference between two entries, created by dif-
       ferent people, for the same or similar terminals.

       The -c option produces a list of each capability  that  is
       common between two or more entries.  Capabilities that are
       not set are ignored.  This option can be used as  a  quick
       check to see if the -u option is worth using.

       The  -n  option produces a list of each capability that is
       in none of the given entries.  If no termnames are  given,
       the environment variable TERM will be used for both of the
       termnames.  This can be used as a quick check  to  see  if
       anything was left out of a description.

Source Listing Options [-I] [-L] [-C] [-r]

       The  -I,  -L, and -C options will produce a source listing
       for each terminal named.

      -I   use the terminfo names
      -L   use the long C variable name listed in <term.h>
      -C   use the termcap names
      -r   when using -C, put out all capabilities in termcap form
      -K   modifies the -C option, improving BSD-compatibility.

       If no termnames are given, the environment  variable  TERM
       will be used for the terminal name.

       The  source produced by the -C option may be used directly
       as a termcap entry, but not all parameterized strings  can
       be changed to the termcap format.  infocmp will attempt to
       convert most of the parameterized  information,  and  any-
       thing  not  converted will be plainly marked in the output
       and commented out.  These should be edited by hand.

       For best results when converting to  termcap  format,  you
       should use both -C and -r.  Normally a termcap description
       is limited to 1023 bytes.  infocmp trims away less  essen-
       tial  parts  to make it fit.  If you are converting to one
       of the (rare)  termcap  implementations  which  accept  an
       unlimited  size  of  termcap,  you  may want to add the -T
       option.  More often however, you  must  help  the  termcap
       implementation,  and  trim  excess  whitespace (use the -0
       option for that).

       All padding information  for  strings  will  be  collected
       together  and  placed at the beginning of the string where
       termcap expects it.  Mandatory padding  (padding  informa-
       tion with a trailing '/') will become optional.

       All termcap variables no longer supported by terminfo, but
       which are derivable from other terminfo variables, will be
       output.  Not all terminfo capabilities will be translated;
       only those variables which were part of termcap will  nor-
       mally  be  output.  Specifying the -r option will take off
       this restriction, allowing all capabilities to  be  output
       in  termcap  form.  Normally you would use both the -C and
       -r options.  The  actual  format  used  incorporates  some
       improvements  for escaped characters from terminfo format.
       For a stricter  BSD-compatible  translation,  use  the  -K
       option rather than -C.

       Note that because padding is collected to the beginning of
       the capability, not all capabilities are  output.   Manda-
       tory  padding  is  not supported.  Because termcap strings
       are not as flexible, it is not always possible to  convert
       a  terminfo  string  capability into an equivalent termcap
       format.  A subsequent conversion of the termcap file  back
       into  terminfo  format  will not necessarily reproduce the
       original terminfo source.

       Some common terminfo parameter  sequences,  their  termcap
       equivalents,  and  some terminal types which commonly have
       such sequences, are:

     terminfo                    termcap   Representative Terminals
     %p1%c                       %.        adm
     %p1%d                       %d        hp, ANSI standard, vt100
     %p1%'x'%+%c                 %+x       concept
     %i                          %iq       ANSI standard, vt100
     %p1%?%'x'%>%t%p1%'y'%+%;    %>xy      concept
     %p2 is printed before %p1   %r        hp

Use= Option [-u]

       The -u option produces a terminfo  source  description  of
       the  first  terminal termname which is relative to the sum
       of the descriptions given by the  entries  for  the  other
       terminals  termnames.   It does this by analyzing the dif-
       ferences  between  the  first  termname  and   the   other
       termnames and producing a description with use= fields for
       the other terminals.  In this manner, it  is  possible  to
       retrofit   generic  terminfo  entries  into  a  terminal's
       description.  Or, if two similar terminals exist, but were
       coded  at  different  times or by different people so that
       each description is a full description, using infocmp will
       show what can be done to change one description to be rel-
       ative to the other.

       A capability will get printed with an at-sign (@) if it no
       longer  exists in the first termname, but one of the other
       termname entries contains a value for it.  A  capability's
       value  gets  printed if the value in the first termname is
       not found in any of the other termname entries, or if  the
       first of the other termname entries that has this capabil-
       ity gives a different value for the capability  than  that
       in the first termname.

       The  order  of  the other termname entries is significant.
       Since the terminfo compiler tic does a left-to-right  scan
       of the capabilities, specifying two use= entries that con-
       tain differing entries for the same capabilities will pro-
       duce  different  results  depending  on the order that the
       entries are given in.  infocmp will flag any  such  incon-
       sistencies  between the other termname entries as they are

       Alternatively, specifying a capability after a use=  entry
       that contains that capability will cause the second speci-
       fication to be  ignored.   Using  infocmp  to  recreate  a
       description can be a useful check to make sure that every-
       thing was  specified  correctly  in  the  original  source

       Another  error  that  does  not  cause  incorrect compiled
       files, but will slow down the compilation time, is  speci-
       fying  extra  use=  fields  that are superfluous.  infocmp
       will flag any other termname use=  fields  that  were  not

   Changing Databases [-A directory] [-B directory]
       Like other ncurses utilities, infocmp looks for the termi-
       nal descriptions in several places.  You can use the  TER-
       MINFO  and TERMINFO_DIRS environment variables to override
       the compiled-in default list  of  places  to  search  (see
       curses(3x) for details).

       You  can  also  use  the options -A and -B to override the
       list of places to search when comparing terminal  descrip-

       o   The -A option sets the location for the first termname

       o   The   -B  option  sets  the  location  for  the  other

       Using these options, it is possible  to  compare  descrip-
       tions  for  a  terminal  with the same name located in two
       different databases.  For instance, you can use this  fea-
       ture for comparing descriptions for the same terminal cre-
       ated by different people.

Other Options

       -0   causes the fields to be printed on one line,  without

       -1   causes  the  fields  to be printed out one to a line.
            Otherwise, the fields will be printed  several  to  a
            line to a maximum width of 60 characters.

       -a   tells  infocmp  to  retain commented-out capabilities
            rather than discarding them.  Capabilities  are  com-
            mented by prefixing them with a period.

       -D   tells infocmp to print the database locations that it
            knows about, and exit.

       -E   Dump  the  capabilities  of  the  given  terminal  as
            tables,  needed  in  the C initializer for a TERMTYPE
            structure (the terminal capability structure  in  the
            <term.h>).   This option is useful for preparing ver-
            sions of the curses library  hardwired  for  a  given
            terminal  type.   The tables are all declared static,
            and are named according to the type and the  name  of
            the corresponding terminal entry.

            Before  ncurses  5.0, the split between the -e and -E
            options was not  needed;  but  support  for  extended
            names required making the arrays of terminal capabil-
            ities separate from the TERMTYPE structure.

       -e   Dump the capabilities of the given terminal  as  a  C
            initializer  for  a  TERMTYPE structure (the terminal
            capability structure in the <term.h>).   This  option
            is  useful  for  preparing  versions  of  the  curses
            library hardwired for a given terminal type.

       -F   compare terminfo files.  This assumes that  two  fol-
            lowing   arguments  are  filenames.   The  files  are
            searched for pairwise matches between  entries,  with
            two entries considered to match if any of their names
            do.  The report  printed  to  standard  output  lists
            entries  with  no  matches  in  the  other  file, and
            entries with more than one match.  For  entries  with
            exactly  one  match  it includes a difference report.
            Normally, to reduce the volume  of  the  report,  use
            references  are  not resolved before looking for dif-
            ferences, but resolution can be forced by also speci-
            fying -r.

       -f   Display   complex   terminfo  strings  which  contain
            if/then/else/endif expressions indented for readabil-

       -G   Display constant literals in decimal form rather than
            their character equivalents.

       -g   Display constant character literals  in  quoted  form
            rather than their decimal equivalents.

       -i   Analyze the initialization (is1, is2, is3), and reset
            (rs1, rs2, rs3), strings in the  entry,  as  well  as
            those  used  for starting/stopping cursor-positioning
            mode (smcup,  rmcup)  as  well  as  starting/stopping
            keymap mode (smkx, rmkx).

            For  each  string,  the code tries to analyze it into
            actions in terms of the  other  capabilities  in  the
            entry,  certain  X3.64/ISO 6429/ECMA-48 capabilities,
            and certain DEC VT-series private modes (the  set  of
            recognized  special  sequences  has been selected for
            completeness over the  existing  terminfo  database).
            Each  report  line  consists  of the capability name,
            followed by a colon and space, followed by  a  print-
            able expansion of the capability string with sections
            matching recognized actions translated into {}-brack-
            eted descriptions.

            Here is a list of the DEC/ANSI special sequences rec-

                  Action        Meaning
                  RIS           full reset
                  SC            save cursor
                  RC            restore cursor
                  LL            home-down
                  RSR           reset scroll region
                  DECSTR        soft reset (VT320)
                  S7C1T         7-bit controls (VT220)
                  ISO DEC G0    enable DEC graphics for G0
                  ISO UK G0     enable UK chars for G0
                  ISO US G0     enable US chars for G0
                  ISO DEC G1    enable DEC graphics for G1
                  ISO UK G1     enable UK chars for G1
                  ISO US G1     enable US chars for G1
                  DECPAM        application keypad mode
                  DECPNM        normal keypad mode
                  DECANSI       enter ANSI mode
                  ECMA[+-]AM    keyboard action mode
                  ECMA[+-]IRM   insert replace mode
                  ECMA[+-]SRM   send receive mode
                  ECMA[+-]LNM   linefeed mode
                  DEC[+-]CKM    application cursor keys
                  DEC[+-]ANM    set VT52 mode
                  DEC[+-]COLM   132-column mode
                  DEC[+-]SCLM   smooth scroll
                  DEC[+-]SCNM   reverse video mode
                  DEC[+-]OM     origin mode
                  DEC[+-]AWM    wraparound mode
                  DEC[+-]ARM    auto-repeat mode

            It also recognizes  a  SGR  action  corresponding  to
            ANSI/ISO  6429/ECMA  Set Graphics Rendition, with the
            values NORMAL, BOLD, UNDERLINE, BLINK,  and  REVERSE.
            All  but NORMAL may be prefixed with `+' (turn on) or
            `-' (turn off).

            An  SGR0  designates  an  empty  highlight   sequence
            (equivalent to {SGR:NORMAL}).

       -l   Set output format to terminfo.

       -p   Ignore padding specifications when comparing strings.

       -Q n Rather  than  show  source in terminfo (text) format,
            print the compiled (binary) format in hexadecimal  or
            base64 form, depending on the option's value:

               1  hexadecimal

               2  base64

               3  hexadecimal and base64

       -q   This makes the output a little shorter:

            o   Make  the  comparison listing shorter by omitting
                subheadings, and using "-" for  absent  capabili-
                ties, "@" for canceled rather than "NULL".

            o   Omit  the "Reconstructed from" comment for source

            Restrict output to a given subset.   This  option  is
            for  use with archaic versions of terminfo like those
            on SVr1, Ultrix, or HP/UX that  do  not  support  the
            full  set  of  SVR4/XSI Curses terminfo; and variants
            such as AIX that have their own extensions incompati-
            ble with SVr4/XSI.

            Available  terminfo  subsets  are  "SVr1",  "Ultrix",
            "HP", and "AIX"; see terminfo(5)  for  details.   You
            can  also  choose the subset "BSD" which selects only
            capabilities with termcap equivalents  recognized  by

       -s [d|i|l|c]
            The  -s  option  sorts  the  fields  within each type
            according to the argument below:

            d    leave fields in the order that they  are  stored
                 in the terminfo database.

            i    sort by terminfo name.

            l    sort by the long C variable name.

            c    sort by the termcap name.

            If the -s option is not given, the fields printed out
            will be sorted alphabetically by  the  terminfo  name
            within each type, except in the case of the -C or the
            -L options, which cause the sorting to be done by the
            termcap  name  or  the  long C variable name, respec-

       -T   eliminates size-restrictions on the  generated  text.
            This is mainly useful for testing and analysis, since
            the compiled descriptions are limited (e.g., 1023 for
            termcap, 4096 for terminfo).

       -t   tells  tic  to  discard  commented-out  capabilities.
            Normally when translating from terminfo  to  termcap,
            untranslatable capabilities are commented-out.

       -U   tells  infocmp  to  not  post-process  the data after
            parsing the source file.   This  feature  helps  when
            comparing  the  actual  contents of two source files,
            since it excludes the inferences that  infocmp  makes
            to fill in missing data.

       -V   reports the version of ncurses which was used in this
            program, and exits.

       -v n prints out tracing information on standard  error  as
            the  program runs.  Higher values of n induce greater

       -w width
            changes the output to width characters.

       -x   print  information  for  user-defined   capabilities.
            These are extensions to the terminfo repertoire which
            can be loaded using the -x option of tic.


       /usr/share/terminfo Compiled  terminal  description  data-


       The  -0,  -1,  -E, -F, -G, -R, -T, -V, -a, -e, -f, -g, -i,
       -l, -p, -q and  -t  options  are  not  supported  in  SVr4

       The -r option's notion of `termcap' capabilities is System
       V Release 4's.  Actual BSD curses  versions  will  have  a
       more  restricted  set.  To see only the 4.4BSD set, use -r


       The -F option of infocmp(1m) should be a toe(1m) mode.


       captoinfo(1m),    infotocap(1m),     tic(1m),     toe(1m),
       curses(3x), terminfo(5).

       This describes ncurses version 6.0 (patch 20160402).


       Eric S. Raymond <> and
       Thomas E. Dickey <>