tic 1m

tic(1m)                                                   tic(1m)


       tic - the terminfo entry-description compiler


       tic  [-1CGILNTVacfgrstx]  [-e  names] [-o dir] [-R subset]
       [-v[n]] [-w[n]] file


       The command tic translates a  terminfo  file  from  source
       format  into compiled format.  The compiled format is nec-
       essary for use with the library routines in ncurses(3x).

       The results are normally placed  in  the  system  terminfo
       directory  /usr/share/terminfo.   There  are  two  ways to
       change this behavior.

       First, you may override the system default by setting  the
       variable  TERMINFO  in  your  shell environment to a valid
       (existing) directory name.

       Secondly, if tic cannot get access to  /usr/share/terminfo
       or  your  TERMINFO  directory,  it looks for the directory
       $HOME/.terminfo; if that directory exists,  the  entry  is
       placed there.

       Libraries that read terminfo entries are expected to check
       for a TERMINFO directory first, look at $HOME/.terminfo if
       TERMINFO  is  not set, and finally look in /usr/share/ter-

       -1     restricts the output to a single column

       -a     tells  tic  to  retain  commented-out  capabilities
              rather than discarding them.  Capabilities are com-
              mented by prefixing them with a period.  This  sets
              the  -x option, because it treats the commented-out
              entries as user-defined names.

       -C     Force source translation to termcap format.   Note:
              this  differs  from the -C option of infocmp(1m) in
              that it does not merely translate capability names,
              but  also  translates  terminfo  strings to termcap
              format.  Capabilities that are not translatable are
              left  in  the  entry under their terminfo names but
              commented out with two preceding dots.

       -c     tells tic to only check file for errors,  including
              syntax  problems and bad use links.  If you specify
              -C (-I) with this option, the code will print warn-
              ings about entries which, after use resolution, are
              more than 1023 (4096) bytes long.  Due to  a  fixed
              buffer  length  in  older  termcap libraries (and a
              documented limit in terminfo),  these  entries  may
              cause core dumps.

       -e names
              Limit  writes  and  translations  to  the following
              comma-separated list of terminals.  If any name  or
              alias of a terminal matches one of the names in the
              list, the entry will be written  or  translated  as
              normal.   Otherwise no output will be generated for
              it.  The option value  is  interpreted  as  a  file
              containing  the  list if it contains a '/'.  (Note:
              depending on how tic was compiled, this option  may
              require -I or -C.)

       -f     Display  complex  terminfo  strings  which  contain
              if/then/else/endif expressions indented  for  read-

       -G     Display  constant  literals  in decimal form rather
              than their character equivalents.

       -g     Display constant character literals in quoted  form
              rather than their decimal equivalents.

       -I     Force source translation to terminfo format.

       -L     Force  source  translation to terminfo format using
              the long C variable names listed in <term.h>

       -N     Disable smart defaults.  Normally, when translating
              from termcap to terminfo, the compiler makes a num-
              ber of assumptions about  the  defaults  of  string
              capabilities  reset1_string,  carriage_return, cur-
              sor_left, cursor_down,  scroll_forward,  tab,  new-
              line,  key_backspace,  key_left, and key_down, then
              attempts to use obsolete  termcap  capabilities  to
              deduce correct values.  It also normally suppresses
              output of obsolete termcap capabilities such as bs.
              This  option forces a more literal translation that
              also preserves the obsolete capabilities.

       -odir  Write compiled entries to given  directory.   Over-
              rides the TERMINFO environment variable.

              Restrict  output to a given subset.  This option is
              for use with  archaic  versions  of  terminfo  like
              those on SVr1, Ultrix, or HP/UX that do not support
              the full set of SVR4/XSI Curses terminfo; and  out-
              right broken ports like AIX 3.x that have their own
              extensions incompatible with  SVr4/XSI.   Available
              subsets  are  "SVr1",  "Ultrix",  "HP",  "BSD"  and
              "AIX"; see terminfo(5) for details.

       -r     Force entry resolution (so there are  no  remaining
              tc  capabilities)  even  when  doing translation to
              termcap format.  This may  be  needed  if  you  are
              preparing  a  termcap  file  for  a termcap library
              (such as GNU termcap through  version  1.3  or  BSD
              termcap through 4.3BSD) that does not handle multi-
              ple tc capabilities per entry.

       -s     Summarize the compile by showing the directory into
              which  entries  are  written,  and  the  number  of
              entries which are compiled.

       -T     eliminates size-restrictions on the generated text.
              This  is  mainly  useful  for testing and analysis,
              since the compiled descriptions are limited  (e.g.,
              1023 for termcap, 4096 for terminfo).

       -t     tells  tic  to  discard commented-out capabilities.
              Normally when translating from terminfo to termcap,
              untranslatable capabilities are commented-out.

       -V     reports  the  version  of ncurses which was used in
              this program, and exits.

       -vn    specifies that (verbose) output be written to stan-
              dard   error   trace   information   showing  tic's
              progress.  The optional integer n is a number  from
              1 to 10, inclusive, indicating the desired level of
              detail  of  information.   If  n  is  omitted,  the
              default  level is 1.  If n is specified and greater
              than 1, the level of detail is increased.

       -wn    specifies the width of the output.

       -x     Treat unknown capabilities as  user-defined.   That
              is,  if you supply a capability name which tic does
              not recognize, it will  infer  its  type  (boolean,
              number  or  string)  from  the  syntax  and make an
              extended table entry for that.

       file   contains one or more terminfo terminal descriptions
              in  source format [see terminfo(5)].  Each descrip-
              tion in the file describes the  capabilities  of  a
              particular terminal.

       The debug flag levels are as follows:

       1      Names of files created and linked

       2      Information related to the ``use'' facility

       3      Statistics from the hashing algorithm

       5      String-table memory allocations

       7      Entries into the string-table

       8      List of tokens encountered by scanner

       9      All  values  computed  in  construction of the hash

       If the debug level n is not given, it is taken to be  one.

       All but one of the capabilities recognized by tic are doc-
       umented in terminfo(5).  The exception is the use capabil-

       When  a  use=entry-name  field is discovered in a terminal
       entry currently being compiled, tic reads  in  the  binary
       from  /usr/share/terminfo to complete the entry.  (Entries
       created from file will be used first.  If the  environment
       variable  TERMINFO  is  set,  that  directory  is searched
       instead of /usr/share/terminfo.)  tic duplicates the capa-
       bilities  in  entry-name  for  the current entry, with the
       exception  of  those  capabilities  that  explicitly   are
       defined in the current entry.

       When    an   entry,   e.g.,   entry_name_1,   contains   a
       use=entry_name_2  field,  any  canceled  capabilities   in
       entry_name_2  must also appear in entry_name_1 before use=
       for these capabilities to be canceled in entry_name_1.

       If the environment variable TERMINFO is set, the  compiled
       results are placed there instead of /usr/share/terminfo.

       Total compiled entries cannot exceed 4096 bytes.  The name
       field cannot exceed 512 bytes.  Terminal  names  exceeding
       the  maximum  alias  length (32 characters on systems with
       long filenames, 14 characters otherwise) will be truncated
       to  the maximum alias length and a warning message will be


       There is some evidence that historic  tic  implementations
       treated  description  fields with no whitespace in them as
       additional aliases or short names.  This tic does  not  do
       that,  but  it  does  warn  when description fields may be
       treated that way and check them for dangerous  characters.


       Unlike the stock SVr4 tic command, this implementation can
       actually compile termcap sources.   In  fact,  entries  in
       terminfo  and  termcap  syntax  can  be  mixed in a single
       source file.  See terminfo(5)  for  the  list  of  termcap
       names taken to be equivalent to terminfo names.

       The  SVr4  manual  pages  are  not clear on the resolution
       rules for use capabilities.  This  implementation  of  tic
       will find use targets anywhere in the source file, or any-
       where in the file tree rooted at TERMINFO (if TERMINFO  is
       defined),  or  in the user's $HOME/.terminfo directory (if
       it exists), or (finally) anywhere  in  the  system's  file
       tree of compiled entries.

       The  error  messages from this tic have the same format as
       GNU C error messages, and can be  parsed  by  GNU  Emacs's
       compile facility.

       The  -C,  -G,  -I, -N, -R, -T, -V, -a, -e, -f, -g, -o, -r,
       -s, -t and -x options are not supported under  SVr4.   The
       SVr4 -c mode does not report bad use links.

       System  V does not compile entries to or read entries from
       your $HOME/.terminfo directory unless TERMINFO is  explic-
       itly set to it.


            Compiled terminal description database.


       infocmp(1m),    captoinfo(1m),   infotocap(1m),   toe(1m),
       curses(3x), terminfo(5).


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