ncurses 6.0 - patch 20151205
[ncurses.git] / doc / html / man / curs_attr.3x.html
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30   * @Id: curs_attr.3x,v 1.43 2015/12/05 18:46:04 tom Exp @
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42 <H1 class="no-header">curs_attr 3x</H1>
43 <PRE>
44 <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>                                             <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
45
46
47
48
49 </PRE>
50 <H2><a name="h2-NAME">NAME</a></H2><PRE>
51        <STRONG>attroff</STRONG>, <STRONG>wattroff</STRONG>, <STRONG>attron</STRONG>, <STRONG>wattron</STRONG>, <STRONG>attrset</STRONG>, <STRONG>wattrset</STRONG>,
52        <STRONG>color_set</STRONG>, <STRONG>wcolor_set</STRONG>, <STRONG>standend</STRONG>, <STRONG>wstandend</STRONG>, <STRONG>standout</STRONG>,
53        <STRONG>wstandout</STRONG>, <STRONG>attr_get</STRONG>, <STRONG>wattr_get</STRONG>, <STRONG>attr_off</STRONG>, <STRONG>wattr_off</STRONG>,
54        <STRONG>attr_on</STRONG>, <STRONG>wattr_on</STRONG>, <STRONG>attr_set</STRONG>, <STRONG>wattr_set</STRONG>, <STRONG>chgat</STRONG>, <STRONG>wchgat</STRONG>,
55        <STRONG>mvchgat</STRONG>, <STRONG>mvwchgat</STRONG>, <STRONG>PAIR_NUMBER</STRONG> - <STRONG>curses</STRONG> character and
56        window attribute control routines
57
58
59 </PRE>
60 <H2><a name="h2-SYNOPSIS">SYNOPSIS</a></H2><PRE>
61        <STRONG>#include</STRONG> <STRONG>&lt;curses.h&gt;</STRONG>
62        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>attroff(int</STRONG> <EM>attrs);</EM>
63        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>wattroff(WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>win</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>int</STRONG> <EM>attrs</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
64        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>attron(int</STRONG> <EM>attrs</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
65        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>wattron(WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>win</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>int</STRONG> <EM>attrs</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
66        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>attrset(int</STRONG> <EM>attrs</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
67        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>wattrset(WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>win</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>int</STRONG> <EM>attrs</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
68        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>color_set(short</STRONG> <EM>color</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG><EM>pair</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG><EM>number</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>void*</STRONG> <EM>opts</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
69        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>wcolor_set(WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>win</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <EM>color</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG><EM>pair</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG><EM>number</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG>
70              <STRONG>void*</STRONG> <EM>opts);</EM>
71        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>standend(void);</STRONG>
72        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>wstandend(WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>win</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
73        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>standout(void);</STRONG>
74        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>wstandout(WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>win</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
75        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>attr_get(attr_t</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>attrs</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>pair</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>void</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>opts</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
76        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>wattr_get(WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>win</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>attr_t</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>attrs</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>pair</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG>
77               <STRONG>void</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>opts</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
78        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>attr_off(attr_t</STRONG> <EM>attrs</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>void</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>opts</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
79        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>wattr_off(WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>win</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>attr_t</STRONG> <EM>attrs</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>void</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>opts</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
80        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>attr_on(attr_t</STRONG> <EM>attrs</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>void</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>opts</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
81        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>wattr_on(WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>win</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>attr_t</STRONG> <EM>attrs</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>void</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>opts</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
82        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>attr_set(attr_t</STRONG> <EM>attrs</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <EM>pair</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>void</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>opts</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
83        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>wattr_set(WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>win</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>attr_t</STRONG> <EM>attrs</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <EM>pair</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG>  <STRONG>void</STRONG>
84        <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>opts</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
85        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>chgat(int</STRONG> <EM>n</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>attr_t</STRONG> <EM>attr</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <EM>color</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG>
86              <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>void</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>opts</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
87        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>wchgat(WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>win</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>int</STRONG> <EM>n</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>attr_t</STRONG> <EM>attr</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG>
88              <STRONG>short</STRONG> <EM>color</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>void</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>opts</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
89        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>mvchgat(int</STRONG> <EM>y</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>int</STRONG> <EM>x</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>int</STRONG> <EM>n</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>attr_t</STRONG> <EM>attr</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG>
90              <STRONG>short</STRONG> <EM>color</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>void</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>opts</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
91        <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>mvwchgat(WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>win,</EM> <EM>int</EM> <EM>y,</EM> <EM>int</EM> <EM>x,</EM> <EM>int</EM> <EM>n,</EM>
92              <STRONG>attr_t</STRONG> <EM>attr</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <EM>color</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>void</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>opts</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
93        <STRONG>PAIR_NUMBER(</STRONG><EM>attrs</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
94
95
96 </PRE>
97 <H2><a name="h2-DESCRIPTION">DESCRIPTION</a></H2><PRE>
98        These  routines  manipulate  the current attributes of the
99        named window.  The current attributes of a window apply to
100        all characters that are written into the window with <STRONG>wadd-</STRONG>
101        <STRONG>ch</STRONG>, <STRONG>waddstr</STRONG> and <STRONG>wprintw</STRONG>.  Attributes are a property of the
102        character,   and  move  with  the  character  through  any
103        scrolling and insert/delete line/character operations.  To
104        the  extent  possible,  they  are displayed as appropriate
105        modifications to the graphic rendition of  characters  put
106        on the screen.
107
108
109 </PRE>
110 <H3><a name="h3-attrset">attrset</a></H3><PRE>
111        The  routine  <STRONG>attrset</STRONG>  sets  the current attributes of the
112        given window to <EM>attrs</EM>.  The routine <STRONG>attroff</STRONG> turns off  the
113        named  attributes  without turning any other attributes on
114        or off.  The routine <STRONG>attron</STRONG> turns on the named  attributes
115        without affecting any others.  The routine <STRONG>standout</STRONG> is the
116        same as <STRONG>attron(A_STANDOUT)</STRONG>.  The routine <STRONG>standend</STRONG>  is  the
117        same as <STRONG>attrset(A_NORMAL)</STRONG> or <STRONG>attrset(0)</STRONG>, that is, it turns
118        off all attributes.
119
120        The <STRONG>attrset</STRONG> and related routines do  not  affect  the  at-
121        tributes  used  when  erasing portions of the window.  See
122        <STRONG><A HREF="curs_bkgd.3x.html">curs_bkgd(3x)</A></STRONG> for functions which  modify  the  attributes
123        used for erasing and clearing.
124
125
126 </PRE>
127 <H3><a name="h3-attr_set">attr_set</a></H3><PRE>
128        The <STRONG>attrset</STRONG> routine is actually a legacy feature predating
129        SVr4 curses but kept in X/Open Curses for the same  reason
130        that  SVr4 curses kept it: compatibility.  The routine <STRONG>at-</STRONG>
131        <STRONG>tr_set</STRONG> provides for passing a color-pair parameter.
132
133        The remaining <STRONG>attr_</STRONG>* functions operate  exactly  like  the
134        corresponding <STRONG>attr</STRONG>* functions, except that they take argu-
135        ments of type <STRONG>attr_t</STRONG> rather than <STRONG>int</STRONG>.
136
137
138 </PRE>
139 <H3><a name="h3-color_set">color_set</a></H3><PRE>
140        The routine <STRONG>color_set</STRONG> sets the current color of the  given
141        window  to the foreground/background combination described
142        by the color_pair_number.  The parameter opts is  reserved
143        for future use, applications must supply a null pointer.
144
145
146 </PRE>
147 <H3><a name="h3-attr_get">attr_get</a></H3><PRE>
148        The  routine  <STRONG>wattr_get</STRONG>  returns the current attribute and
149        color pair for the given window; <STRONG>attr_get</STRONG> returns the cur-
150        rent attribute and color pair for <STRONG>stdscr</STRONG>.
151
152        There  is  no  corresponding  <STRONG>attrget</STRONG>  function as such in
153        X/Open Curses, although  ncurses  provides  <STRONG>getattrs</STRONG>  (see
154        <STRONG><A HREF="curs_legacy.3x.html">curs_legacy(3x)</A></STRONG>).
155
156
157 </PRE>
158 <H3><a name="h3-chgat">chgat</a></H3><PRE>
159        The routine <STRONG>chgat</STRONG> changes the attributes of a given number
160        of characters starting at the current cursor  location  of
161        <STRONG>stdscr</STRONG>.   It  does not update the cursor and does not per-
162        form wrapping.  A character count of -1  or  greater  than
163        the  remaining window width means to change attributes all
164        the way to the end of the current line.  The <STRONG>wchgat</STRONG>  func-
165        tion generalizes this to any window; the <STRONG>mvwchgat</STRONG> function
166        does a cursor move before acting.  In these functions, the
167        color  argument is a color-pair index (as in the first ar-
168        gument of <EM>init</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG><EM>pair</EM>, see <STRONG><A HREF="curs_color.3x.html">curs_color(3x)</A></STRONG>).  The <STRONG>opts</STRONG>  argu-
169        ment is not presently used, but is reserved for the future
170        (leave it <STRONG>NULL</STRONG>).
171
172
173 </PRE>
174 <H3><a name="h3-Attributes">Attributes</a></H3><PRE>
175        The following video attributes, defined in <STRONG>&lt;curses.h&gt;</STRONG>, can
176        be passed to the routines <STRONG>attron</STRONG>, <STRONG>attroff</STRONG>, and <STRONG>attrset</STRONG>, or
177        OR'd with the characters passed to  <STRONG>addch</STRONG>  (see  <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addch.3x.html">curs_add-
178        ch(3x)</A></STRONG>).
179
180               <EM>Name</EM>            <EM>Description</EM>
181               ------------------------------------------------------------
182               <STRONG>A_NORMAL</STRONG>        Normal display (no highlight)
183               <STRONG>A_STANDOUT</STRONG>      Best highlighting mode of the terminal.
184               <STRONG>A_UNDERLINE</STRONG>     Underlining
185               <STRONG>A_REVERSE</STRONG>       Reverse video
186               <STRONG>A_BLINK</STRONG>         Blinking
187               <STRONG>A_DIM</STRONG>           Half bright
188               <STRONG>A_BOLD</STRONG>          Extra bright or bold
189               <STRONG>A_PROTECT</STRONG>       Protected mode
190               <STRONG>A_INVIS</STRONG>         Invisible or blank mode
191               <STRONG>A_ALTCHARSET</STRONG>    Alternate character set
192               <STRONG>A_ITALIC</STRONG>        Italics (non-X/Open extension)
193
194               <STRONG>A_CHARTEXT</STRONG>      Bit-mask to extract a character
195               <STRONG>COLOR_PAIR(</STRONG><EM>n</EM><STRONG>)</STRONG>   Color-pair number <EM>n</EM>
196
197        These video attributes are supported by <STRONG>attr_on</STRONG> and relat-
198        ed functions (which also support the attributes recognized
199        by <STRONG>attron</STRONG>, etc.):
200
201               <EM>Name</EM>            <EM>Description</EM>
202               -----------------------------------------
203               <STRONG>WA_HORIZONTAL</STRONG>   Horizontal highlight
204               <STRONG>WA_LEFT</STRONG>         Left highlight
205               <STRONG>WA_LOW</STRONG>          Low highlight
206               <STRONG>WA_RIGHT</STRONG>        Right highlight
207               <STRONG>WA_TOP</STRONG>          Top highlight
208               <STRONG>WA_VERTICAL</STRONG>     Vertical highlight
209
210        For consistency
211
212        The following macro is the reverse of <STRONG>COLOR_PAIR(</STRONG><EM>n</EM><STRONG>)</STRONG>:
213
214        <STRONG>PAIR_NUMBER(</STRONG><EM>attrs</EM>) Returns the pair number associated
215                           with the <STRONG>COLOR_PAIR(</STRONG><EM>n</EM><STRONG>)</STRONG> attribute.
216
217        The  return values of many of these routines are not mean-
218        ingful (they are implemented as macro-expanded assignments
219        and  simply  return their argument).  The SVr4 manual page
220        claims (falsely) that these routines always return <STRONG>1</STRONG>.
221
222
223 </PRE>
224 <H2><a name="h2-NOTES">NOTES</a></H2><PRE>
225        Note that <STRONG>attroff</STRONG>,  <STRONG>wattroff</STRONG>,  <STRONG>attron</STRONG>,  <STRONG>wattron</STRONG>,  <STRONG>attrset</STRONG>,
226        <STRONG>wattrset</STRONG>, <STRONG>standend</STRONG> and <STRONG>standout</STRONG> may be macros.
227
228        <STRONG>COLOR_PAIR</STRONG>  values can only be OR'd with attributes if the
229        pair number is less than  256.   The  alternate  functions
230        such  as  <STRONG>color_set</STRONG>  can pass a color pair value directly.
231        However, ncurses ABI 4 and 5 simply OR this  value  within
232        the  alternate  functions.   You must use ncurses ABI 6 to
233        support more than 256 color pairs.
234
235
236 </PRE>
237 <H2><a name="h2-PORTABILITY">PORTABILITY</a></H2><PRE>
238        These functions are supported in the XSI Curses  standard,
239        Issue  4.   The  standard  defined  the dedicated type for
240        highlights, <STRONG>attr_t</STRONG>, which is not defined in  SVr4  curses.
241        The  functions  taking  <STRONG>attr_t</STRONG> arguments are not supported
242        under SVr4.
243
244        The XSI Curses standard states that whether the tradition-
245        al  functions  <STRONG>attron</STRONG>/<STRONG>attroff</STRONG>/<STRONG>attrset</STRONG>  can  manipulate at-
246        tributes other than  <STRONG>A_BLINK</STRONG>,  <STRONG>A_BOLD</STRONG>,  <STRONG>A_DIM</STRONG>,  <STRONG>A_REVERSE</STRONG>,
247        <STRONG>A_STANDOUT</STRONG>,  or  <STRONG>A_UNDERLINE</STRONG> is "unspecified".  Under this
248        implementation as well as  SVr4  curses,  these  functions
249        correctly  manipulate  all other highlights (specifically,
250        <STRONG>A_ALTCHARSET</STRONG>, <STRONG>A_PROTECT</STRONG>, and <STRONG>A_INVIS</STRONG>).
251
252        This implementation provides the  <STRONG>A_ITALIC</STRONG>  attribute  for
253        terminals which have the <EM>enter</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG><EM>italics</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG><EM>mode</EM> (sitm) and <EM>ex-</EM>
254        <EM>it</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG><EM>italics</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG><EM>mode</EM> (ritm) capabilities.  Italics are not men-
255        tioned  in  X/Open  Curses.   Unlike  the  other video at-
256        tributes, <STRONG>I_ITALIC</STRONG> is unrelated to the <EM>set</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG><EM>attributes</EM>  ca-
257        pabilities.  This implementation makes the assumption that
258        <EM>exit</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG><EM>attribute</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG><EM>mode</EM> may also reset italics.
259
260        XSI Curses added the new entry points, <STRONG>attr_get</STRONG>,  <STRONG>attr_on</STRONG>,
261        <STRONG>attr_off</STRONG>,  <STRONG>attr_set</STRONG>,  <STRONG>wattr_on</STRONG>, <STRONG>wattr_off</STRONG>, <STRONG>wattr_get</STRONG>, <STRONG>wat-</STRONG>
262        <STRONG>tr_set</STRONG>.  These are intended to work with a new  series  of
263        highlight macros prefixed with <STRONG>WA_</STRONG>.  The older macros have
264        direct counterparts in the newer set of names:
265
266               <EM>Name</EM>            <EM>Description</EM>
267               ------------------------------------------------------------
268               <STRONG>WA_NORMAL</STRONG>       Normal display (no highlight)
269               <STRONG>WA_STANDOUT</STRONG>     Best highlighting mode of the terminal.
270               <STRONG>WA_UNDERLINE</STRONG>    Underlining
271               <STRONG>WA_REVERSE</STRONG>      Reverse video
272               <STRONG>WA_BLINK</STRONG>        Blinking
273               <STRONG>WA_DIM</STRONG>          Half bright
274               <STRONG>WA_BOLD</STRONG>         Extra bright or bold
275               <STRONG>WA_ALTCHARSET</STRONG>   Alternate character set
276
277        Very old versions of this library did not force an  update
278        of  the screen when changing the attributes.  Use <STRONG>touchwin</STRONG>
279        to force the screen to match the updated attributes.
280
281        The XSI curses standard specifies that each pair of corre-
282        sponding  <STRONG>A_</STRONG>  and <STRONG>WA_</STRONG>-using functions operates on the same
283        current-highlight information.
284
285        The XSI standard extended conformance level adds new high-
286        lights <STRONG>A_HORIZONTAL</STRONG>, <STRONG>A_LEFT</STRONG>, <STRONG>A_LOW</STRONG>, <STRONG>A_RIGHT</STRONG>, <STRONG>A_TOP</STRONG>, <STRONG>A_VER-</STRONG>
287        <STRONG>TICAL</STRONG> (and corresponding <STRONG>WA_</STRONG> macros for each).  As of  Au-
288        gust  2013,  no  known  terminal provides these highlights
289        (i.e., via the <STRONG>sgr1</STRONG> capability).
290
291
292 </PRE>
293 <H2><a name="h2-RETURN-VALUE">RETURN VALUE</a></H2><PRE>
294        All routines return the integer <STRONG>OK</STRONG> on success, or  <STRONG>ERR</STRONG>  on
295        failure.
296
297        X/Open does not define any error conditions.
298
299        This implementation returns an error if the window pointer
300        is null.  The <STRONG>wcolor_set</STRONG> function returns an error if  the
301        color   pair   parameter  is  outside  the  range  0..COL-
302        OR_PAIRS-1.  This implementation  also  provides  <STRONG>getattrs</STRONG>
303        for compatibility with older versions of curses.
304
305        Functions  with a "mv" prefix first perform a cursor move-
306        ment using <STRONG>wmove</STRONG>, and return an error if the  position  is
307        outside the window, or if the window pointer is null.
308
309
310 </PRE>
311 <H2><a name="h2-SEE-ALSO">SEE ALSO</a></H2><PRE>
312        <STRONG><A HREF="ncurses.3x.html">curses(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addch.3x.html">curs_addch(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addstr.3x.html">curs_addstr(3x)</A></STRONG>,
313        <STRONG><A HREF="curs_bkgd.3x.html">curs_bkgd(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_printw.3x.html">curs_printw(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_variables.3x.html">curs_variables(3x)</A></STRONG>
314
315
316
317                                                           <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
318 </PRE>
319 <div class="nav">
320 <ul>
321 <li><a href="#h2-NAME">NAME</a></li>
322 <li><a href="#h2-SYNOPSIS">SYNOPSIS</a></li>
323 <li><a href="#h2-DESCRIPTION">DESCRIPTION</a>
324 <ul>
325 <li><a href="#h3-attrset">attrset</a></li>
326 <li><a href="#h3-attr_set">attr_set</a></li>
327 <li><a href="#h3-color_set">color_set</a></li>
328 <li><a href="#h3-attr_get">attr_get</a></li>
329 <li><a href="#h3-chgat">chgat</a></li>
330 <li><a href="#h3-Attributes">Attributes</a></li>
331 </ul>
332 </li>
333 <li><a href="#h2-NOTES">NOTES</a></li>
334 <li><a href="#h2-PORTABILITY">PORTABILITY</a></li>
335 <li><a href="#h2-RETURN-VALUE">RETURN VALUE</a></li>
336 <li><a href="#h2-SEE-ALSO">SEE ALSO</a></li>
337 </ul>
338 </div>
339 </BODY>
340 </HTML>